JFM Reference Page Entries

Journal Articles

Lastname, I. Date. Title of article and pay attention to caps. Abbrev J. Name in Ital. Vol#. 1-111.

Notes

  • Author name/s in small caps, beginning with the last name.
  • Use only the first initial of the first name.
  • The date can include the month. Follow with a period.
  • Article titles only use caps for the first word; the first word after a colon; and for proper nouns. No quote marks. End with a period.
  • Journal titles are abbreviated and in italics, followed by a comma.
  • Use just the volume and issue number (no wording) in bold. Follow with a comma.
  • The last element is the page numbers, alone. End with a period.
  • Any line after the first for each entry is indented.
  • No need to mention URLs.

Examples

Harries, M. 2002. Disseminating wind pumps in rural Kenya—Meeting rural water needs using locally manufactured wind pumps. Energy Policy, 30.11-12, 1087-94.

Hwang, L.-S. & Tuck, E. O. 1970. On the oscillations of harbours of arbitrary shape. J. Fluid Mech. 42, 447–464.

Kelly-Zion, P.L., Pursell, C.J., Hasbamrer, N., Cardozo, B., Gaughan, K., & Nickels, K.  Vapor distribution above an evaporating sessile drop. Intl J. Heat Mass Transfer. 65, 165–172.

Ursell, F. 1950. Surface waves on deep water in the presence of a submerged cylinder i. Proc. Camb. Phil. Soc. 46, 141–152.

Books

Lastname, I. 2016. Title of Book in Italics, edition. Publisher.

Notes

  • Author name/s in small caps.
  • Use only the first initial of the first name.
  • The date is year only. Follow with a period.
  • Book title should have caps on all significant words. Use italics. Do not abbreviate. Follow with a period.
  • Publisher is listed last.
  • Any line after the first for each entry is indented.
  • No need to mention URLs for e-books.

Examples

Dieter, G. E. & Schmidt, L.D. 2013. Engineering Design, 5th ed. McGraw-Hill.

Kamkwamba, W. & Mealer, B. 2010. The Boy Who Harnessed the Wind: Creating Currents of Electricity and Hope. William Morrow.

Chapters in Anthologies/Collections

Lastname, I. 2016. Title of the chapter. In Title of Book in Italics (editors), Publisher.

Notes

  • Author name/s in small caps.
  • Use only the first initial of the first name for the chapter authors.
  • The date is year only. Follow with a period.
  • Chapter title uses only caps for the first word; the first word after a colon; and for proper nouns. No quote marks. Follow with a period.
  • Book title should have caps on all significant words. Use italics. Do not abbreviate. Follow with a period.
  • Inside parentheses, the book’s editors are listed with first name initials first, then the last name. Follow with a comma after the parens.
  • Publisher is listed last. Period.
  • Any line after the first for each entry is indented.
  • No need to mention URLs for e-books.

Example

Worster, M. G. 1992. The dynamics of mushy layers. In Interactive Dynamics of Convection and Solidification (ed. S. H. Davis, H. E. Huppert, W. Muller & M. G. Worster), 113–138. Kluwer.

 

Conference Papers

Lastname, I. 2016. Name of the conference paper. Name of the conference abbreviated and in  italics. #. 1-1111.

 Notes

  • Author name/s in small caps.
  • Use only the first initial of the first name.
  • The date can include the month. Follow with a period.
  • Talk/conf titles only use caps for the first word; the first word after a colon; and for proper nouns. No quote marks. Follow with a period.
  • Conference name is abbreviated and in italics. Follow with a period.
  • If available, use just the volume and issue number (no wording) in bold. Follow with a period.
  • The last element is the page numbers, alone, if available. Follow with a period.
  • Any line after the first for each entry is indented.
  • No need to mention URLs.

 Examples

Moore, D.R., Phelps, J., Wood, D., Vaccaro, M.V., Kanner, H. S., Freeland, &  D.M. Olson, D.T. 2011. The reusable solid rocket booster (RSRB) – An booster system. AIAA SPACE Conference and Exposition 2011.

Omer, A.M. 2009. Wind energy for water pumping in rural areas of Sudan. Euro. Wind Energy Conf. and Ex. 2009, EWEC 2009. 7. 4649-4658.

Taufix, A. 2007. The dynamic modeling of a hybrid wind pump for rural water supply: A mathematical model of positive linear system with dynamic inputs and demand criteria. AIP Conf. Proc. 941.1.  186-93.

Technical Reports/Papers

Author, I. Year. Title. Publication and Number. Sponsoring Body. U.S. Government Printing Office.

Notes

  • Author name/s in small caps .
  • Use only the first initial of the first name.
  • Use the year for the date. Follow with a period.
  • Italicized titles with significant words in caps. No quote marks. Follow with a period.
  • Include the report’s Identification or Funding Number, if applicable. Follow with a period.
  • The US Government Printing Office is often the publisher, but not always.
  • The last element is the page numbers, alone, if a particular section is noted. Follow with a period.
  • Any line after the first for each entry is indented.
  • No need to mention URLs.

Examples

Brownell, C. J. & Su, L. K. 2004. Planar measurements of differential diffusion in turbulent jets. AIAA Paper 2004-2335.

Rogallo, R. S. 1981. Numerical experiments in homogeneous turbulence. Tech. Rep. 81835. NASA Tech. Memo.

 

Government Technical Reports

Author or Organization. Year. Title. Number. Sponsoring Agencies. Printing Office.

Notes

  • Author name/s in small caps. Use the organization, in full, if no person is listed.
  • Use only the first initial of the first name (for a person).
  • Use the year for the date. Follow with a period.
  • Italicized titles with significant words in caps. No quote marks. Follow with a period.
  • Include the report’s Identification or Funding Number, if applicable. Follow with a period.
  • Include all applicable agencies contributing to the project.
  • The US Government Printing Office is often the publisher, but not always. Follow with a period.
  • The last element is the pages numbers, alone, if a particular section is noted. Follow with a period.
  • Any line after the first for each entry is indented.
  • No need to mention URLs.

Examples

Muljadi, E., Wang, C., & Nehrir, M.H. 2004. Parallel Operation of Wind Turbine, Fuel Cell,and Diesel Generation Sources. NTIS 200506. Technical Information Center, Oak Ridge, TN. National Renewable Energy Lab, Golden, CO. Department of Energy, Washington, DC.

United States Department of the Interior, Bureau of Indian Affairs. Office of Indian Energy and Economic Development, Division of Energy and Mineral Development. 2010. Native American Wind Resource Atlas. U.S. Government Printing Office.

Standards

Author or Organization. Year. Title. Number.

Notes

  • Author name/s in small caps. Use the organization if no person is listed.
  • Use only the first initial of the first name.
  • Use the year for the date. Follow with a period.
  • Titles only use caps for the first word; the first word after a colon; and for proper nouns. No quote marks. Follow with a period.
  • Include the standard’s Identification Number. Follow with a period.
  • The last element is the page numbers, alone, if a particular section is noted. Follow with a period.
  • Any line after the first for each entry is indented.
  • No need to mention URLs.

Example

ASME (American Society of Mechanical Engineering). 2015. Balance lifting units. B3028.2015.

Specifications

Company/Organization Name. Year. Name of document. ID number.

Notes

  • Organization’s name in small caps.
  • Use the year for the date. Follow with a period.
  • Titles only use caps for the first word; the first word after a colon; and for proper nouns. No quote marks. Follow with a period.
  • Include the standard’s Identification Number. Follow with a period.
  • The last element is the page numbers, alone, if a particular section is noted. Follow with a period.
  • Any line after the first for each entry is indented.

Examples

Government of India, Ministry of Railways. 2010. Technical Specification for Design and Development of Natural Gas Based Alco Engine for Diesel Locomotives of Indian Railways. TS/ED/2010/47.

U.S. Department of Defense, Defense Standardization Program. 2009. Guide for Performance Specifications: SD-15.

Note

Many companies now only publish their spec sheets online so they can be updated easily. If this is the case, include the URL with the (date) it was accessed last.

Example

Allied Tube and Conduit. 2015. Square Sign System Specification. URL: http://www.atc-mechanical.com/mechanical-tubing/square-fit-steel-tubing/ . (April 2016).

Patents

Your choice on the format for patents will depend on whether the patent has an assignee or not.

Notes

  • Use the name of the inventors, if available. Small caps. Follow with a period.
  • Use the year for the date. Follow with a period.
  • Titles only use caps for the first word; the first word after a colon; and for proper nouns. No quote marks. Follow with a period.
  • Include the patent country of issuance and number. Follow with a period.
  • The last element, if applicable, is the Assignee.
  • Any line after the first for each entry is indented.

Example with Inventor Alone

Neuser, J. 1902.  Windmill. US Patent 698,409.

Example with Assignee

Garces, , L.J., Liu, Y., & Bose, S. 2007. System and method for integrating wind and hydroelectric generation and pumped hydro energy storage systems. US Patent 7,239,035 B2. Assginee: General Electric Company.

PhD. Thesis

Miller, P. L.1991. Mixing in high schmidt number turbulent jets. PhD thesis. California Institute of Technology.

 

Personal Communication

At times, you may have personal communications with an expert in the field. This may happen via conversation (in person, on the phone, or in a web conference), via email, or even via text. As such, those communications unless they are published for the public, are not retrievable by any other reader/user.  Therefore, they will not have a reference entry on the References page.

Instead, work your acknowledgement of the expert’s commentary into the paragraph itself. JFM prefers to not use footnotes, but an endnote could also be used to explain who your expert is and from what authority that person speaks.

 

ADA Compliance for US-Funded Projects

For any funded project with government money, it is wise to comply with ADA directives.  To that end, including the DOI for your citations is a good move, when it is available. The DOI is useful for people who need to use a screen reader, as it can help the user track back to the original article more readily in order to read it in full. Understand that this is not a current directive from JFM, but it may be a good-will gesture that you care to take.

Example

Chini, G. P.  (2016). Exact coherent structures at extreme Reynolds number. J. of Fluid Mech. 794. DOI :10.1017/jfm.2016.154.

 

Skip to toolbar